half a war

Contemporary treatments of Calvin's political views often imply that he embraced a theocratic civil polity and that he was committed to holy war doctrine. On the basis of the primary sources, the first half of this volume argues that neither position is correct. Calvin, in his political thought, maintained the superiority of a republic as a civil polity. In addition, he placed himself firmly within the medieval just war tradition that was established by Augustine of Hippo and later reaffirmed by Thomas Aquinas. In terms of his commitment to classical just war teaching, Calvin stood in continuity with Martin Luther, even while he distanced himself from the holy war perspective of the Zurich Reformers Henry Bullinger and Peter Martyr Vermigli. In the thinking of Calvin, a war could only be authorized by the state, not the church. War had to be prosecuted with humanity and restraint, and not in the tradition of the medieval crusade. The second half of the book sets forth what Calvin actually believed on the matter of government and war. Here we examine his teaching on parliamentary resistance to monarchical tyranny and the full dimensions of his commitment to justice of war categories. Unlike Luther and Bullinger, Calvin provided a parliamentary remedy for the perennial evil of tyranny. With Vermigli and Theodore Beza siding with Calvin on this right, a body of Reformed doctrine was established to which succeeding generations could appeal for teaching, direction, and justification for taking up arms. It is clear that Calvin's political legacy is profoundly evident in the American Revolutionary War and in the constitutional determination for a republic in the United States of America. Calvin's ecclesiastical republicanism, as it came to fruition in Presbyterian church government, was a powerful impetus toward the creation of republican institutions in civil government.



Что искали на сайте
кружка printio пионы | dsquared2 пляжные брюки и шорты | cs 12 24 in s hook s hook not include pot | 110cm wide wedding dress lace embroidery diy women clothes materials clothing fabric accessories ivory white church happy hour | printio soviet tank | faux pearl espadrille flatform sliders | linux® administrator street smarts | best deal quartz watch women fashion tower pattern diamond dial watches men faux leather watch women s dress clock montre relo | 14pcs set stainless steel dumplings wrappers cutter maker tools cake moulds mousse ring round stainless steel cookie molds set | брюки fiorella rubino fiorella rubino fi013ewbeeg7 | cute resin bride and bridegroom toy doll | резиновые сапоги playtoday playtoday mp002xg006pn | autumn summer new women shirt dress long sleeved female dresses slim fashion party office lady sundress plus size casual rob | 350a 500a gas welding gun shunt connecting rod insulation cover bent pipe nozzle gas welding gun accessories welder gun parts | creative fun cheese snacks pu pocketbook coin bag girls purse small canvas purse cat coin purse | len deighton spy line | лампа энергосберегающая tdm sq0323 0054 | motorcycle atv riding scooter driving flying protective frame clear lens portable vintage helmet goggles glasses for 2009 buell xb12r | skeleton skull head silicone chocolate muffin cupcake candy ice cube mold halloween | issey miyake l eau d issey pour homme summer edition eau de toilette | macarons ceiling lamps rose colors metal lamp body acrylic lamp shade colorful post modern ceiling light led lighting fixture | батарейка perfeo алкалиновая pf lr6 4sh | кеды y | deadly animals | the shining |